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Endodontics / Root canal treatment

Endodontic (root canal) treatment is a method for preserving a tooth that has been partially destroyed by caries or is infected. The purpose of the treatment is to restore the health of this tooth, so that the patient's mouth can function properly.

Why does a tooth need endodontic treatment?
Inside every tooth there is a small chamber and one or more roots that contain a living tissue, called the "pulp". Often, the pulp is erroneously referred to as the "nerve of the tooth", but in reality, it contains a network of blood vessels as well as other elements.
If there is a large cavity in a tooth, due to caries or fracture, the bacteria in the oral cavity can reach the pulp and cause it to become infected. If left untreated, the infection can expand and damage the pulp and the tissue surrounding it (e.g. abscess).
At every stage of this process, there may be pain (and very intense, at times).

How is endodontic treatment carried out?
The aim of endodontic treatment is to remove the bacteria from the inside of the tooth and disinfect the roots. For this reason, a small hole is drilled into the tooth, the roots are located and counted, then cleaned and widened with the use of micro instruments.

Is this treatment painful?
The entire treatment is conducted under local anaesthesia and, moreover, all measures are taken for the patient to feel comfortable throughout.  the treatment.  At the end of the treatment, the patient is informed whether there is a possibility of postoperative pain. This pain, if it appears, is usually mild, short in duration, and is treated effectively with common painkillers.

How long does it take to carry out endodontic treatment?
The duration of endodontic treatment varies, depending on the type of the tooth, the complexity of its roots and the problems arising from previous treatment approaches. In certain cases, treatment can be completed in a single session lasting 60 to 120 minutes. In other cases, a second or even a third visit may be necessary.

Is the success of this treatment guaranteed?
Endodontic treatment has a great chance of success. However, it should be noted that it is impossible to guarantee a 100% success rate for any type of medical or dental treatment. Even in the case of the best possible treatment, there may be no cure, due to conditions that are not controlled by the dentist and are outside the scope of his/her responsibility. If this is the case, further treatment may be necessary for the removal of the infection.

What happens after the completion of endodontic treatment?
The tooth is usually weak and it is necessary to restore it as soon as possible. The construction of a crown or onlay is the preferred solution. Until its restoration it is advisable for the patient to avoid biting hard  with this tooth; after restoration, it can be used normally.